By Edward Courtney
Edward Courtney's research of the Satires of Juvenal is the one full-scale observation at the corpus because the 19th century and keeps its worth for college students and students a iteration after its first visual appeal in 1980. This observation accommodates the findings of classical research as much as that point, together with the paintings of A. E. Housman, new discoveries comparable to these of papyri, and the increasing horizons of classical study. Courtney elucidates the shape of every poem and the development of idea, and gives many feedback for the adjustment of conventional punctuation. as well as simple rationalization of the textual content, the statement bargains a close realizing of the literary and old context, together with thorough therapy of social customs, realia, improvement of the Latin language, and rhetorical gains. The advent discusses Juvenal's existence, his improvement as a satirist, his view of society and morals, his type, and his dealing with of metre.
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Extra resources for A Commentary on the Satires of Juvenal
And the emphasis which rhetoricians laid on them redoubled the influence of this mode of thought. g. ; or dilemma, for which see Lausberg pp. 216–17 and Ad Herenn. 52, Cic. De Inv. ). Ten for example (a poem much influenced by Valerius Maximus’ manual of exempla) is structured in such a way that the various ideals are set up (114–17, 133–42, 168–70, 173–8, 188–9; 289–92; also 23–5) and are then refuted by a sed or tamen introducing Juvenal’s consideration of the other side of these exempla or his contrary exempla.
These of course are themes which could be relied upon to produce a strong emotional response in an audience of a conservative cast of mind, as most Romans tended to be. The rhetoricians found such subjects a fertile field because of the way in which the Romans in general regarded their 30 introduction historical tradition (see pp. ), and the emphasis which rhetoricians laid on them redoubled the influence of this mode of thought. g. ; or dilemma, for which see Lausberg pp. 216–17 and Ad Herenn.
Literary satire is closely related to both [judicial rhetoric and demonstrative orations devoted to censure and condemnation]. The satirist, like the orator, is entering a protest in public, addressing an audience with a view to changing its attitudes and disturbing its complacency. In satires with a strong framework of logic and argument, or in which the author offers an apologia for his muse and career, elements of judicial oratory, especially techniques of proof and refutation, may be relevant.