By Elizabeth Rose
Americans at the present time reside with conflicting principles approximately day care. We criticize moms who opt for to not remain at domestic, yet we strain ladies on welfare to depart their little ones at the back of. We realize the advantages of early formative years schooling, yet don't offer it as a public correct till childrens input kindergarten. our youngsters are valuable, yet we pay minimal wages to the overwhelmingly girl team which cares for them. we aren't quite convinced if day care is unsafe or priceless for kids, or if moms may still relatively be within the staff. to higher know the way we've got arrived at those present-day dilemmas, Elizabeth Rose argues, we have to discover day care's past.A Mother's task is the 1st ebook to supply such an exploration. as a result learn of Philadelphia, Rose examines the various meanings of day take care of households and companies from the overdue 19th century in the course of the postwar prosperity of the Fifties. Drawing on richly exact documents created by means of social staff, she explores altering attitudes approximately motherhood, charity, and kid's needs.How did day care switch from a charity for terrible unmarried moms on the flip of the century right into a famous want of standard households by way of 1960? This publication strains that transformation, telling the tale of day care from the altering views of the households who used it and the philanthropists and social employees who administered it. We see day care in the course of the eyes of the immigrants, whites, and blacks who relied upon day care carrier in addition to via these of the pros who supplied it.This quantity will entice an individual drawn to knowing the roots of our present day care drawback, in addition to the wider problems with schooling, welfare, and women's work--all concerns within which the major questions of day care are enmeshed. scholars of social background, women's heritage, welfare coverage, childcare, and schooling also will come across a lot precious info during this well-written e-book.
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Additional info for A Mother's Job: The History of Day Care, 1890-1960 (1999)
40 In 1909, W. E. B. 42 This list of occupations suggests that the nursery board members were among the middle and upper classes of Philadelphia’s African-American community, who lived among the poorer black families in the city’s central African-American neighborhood. “Foster Mothers” 21 Also streaming into South Philadelphia during these years—and sometimes displacing African-American residents — were Jewish immigrants from Russia, Poland, and Eastern Europe; Italian immigrants recruited from Sicily and southern Italy by the Pennsylvania Railroad; and immigrants from Slovakia, Poland, Hungary, and other parts of Europe.
St. Malachy’s Day Nursery, for example, was “supported by the members of St. ”101 While church ofﬁcials donated building space, the “ladies of the parish” often played an important role in raising money to meet daily expenses. For instance, when the Daughters of Charity, who were summoned to take over the Cathedral Day Nursery, ﬁrst arrived, they were disheartened to ﬁnd six undernourished-looking children and nothing in the place to eat. At ﬁrst they relied on small donations from individuals (the local grocer sent some food, and “a lady of the Parish” sent what was left over from her dinner every day) and on the proceeds from a salvage bureau they had started to help support the nursery.
A history of the First Day Nursery explained that although the institution had been pressed for money early in its existence, “slowly and surely it progressed, . . and today it is receiving substantial help from the legacies of those who were its friends in its early struggles for existence. ”91 Indeed, much of the nursery’s income from the mid-1880s through the 1910s came from numerous bequests of more than one thousand dollars. ”92 The Young Women’s Union also beneﬁted from legacies and effective private fund-raising networks: in 1896, the annual report explained, “the executors of the estate of the late Simon Muhr recently offered $5000 for a building or endowment fund with the sole condition that an equal amount be raised within a speciﬁed time.