By Robert F. Jones

After we reflect on the fur alternate within the early days of America's enlargement westward, visions of mountain males with untamed beards, shouldering muskets, and braving an unexplored wasteland jam-packed with eminent probability, spring to our minds. This mountain manwas certainly an essential component of the fur alternate in America's northwest territory, yet both vital, and sorely unremembered, have been the service provider and the contributors of the buying and selling businesses whose accountability it used to be to take the uncooked product and spot that it chanced on its approach into the hats and coats that graced the population of the foremost towns of the realm. Annals of Astoria is the tale of those males. this can be the magazine of Duncan McDougall, supervising accomplice of the Pacific Fur corporation at Astoria. It documents the day-by-day operations on the put up and within the Oregon nation from the send Tonquin's arrival at the Columbia till the sale of the put up and the company's resources to the North West Fur corporation in November 1813. Like a lot of the industrial historical past of the U.S. throughout the early republic, this record is heavily linked to John Jacob Astor. An emigrant from Germany in 1763, the formidable formative years got down to forge new territory within the fur alternate and, together with his 1808 constitution for the yankee Fur corporation, created a monopoly within the fur alternate, essentially getting rid of festival with Canada and Britain. In 1810, Astor geared up the Pacific Fur corporation with Duncan McDougall as one in every of its companions. Later that yr, McDougall set out with a workforce at the send Tonquin towards Vancouver Island as a part of Astor's three-pronged attempt to infiltrate the northwest coast. McDougall used to be the manager of the submit through the years 1811-1813 and was once exclusively accountable for what was once recorded in it. hence, his log is the main actual account of the day-by-day job of the buying and selling post.

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Additional resources for Annals of Astoria: The Headquarters Log of the Pacific Fur Company on the Columbia Rive, 1811-13.

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Despite the non-arrival of the vessel, May and June only magnified the fears of the Astorians. By the end of June, the partners present, McDougall, McKenzie, David Stuart, and Clarke had confirmed the decision to abandon the post, but decided that it was too late in the year to start parties overland to St. Louis. They would have to stay another year on the Columbia. In the meantime, the fur business in the area was divided between the two companies. 17 In October, McTavish returned for what would prove to be Astoria's last act.

There is a good bit of truth in this picture, but it ignores the merchants and trading companies also essential to the process of taking the fur from where it was trapped to its eventual use, as a hat in London or a garment in Canton. The document presented here is part of the story of one of the earliest of those companies and of some of the individuals who, after the furs were gathered, started them on their way. Like much of the economic history of the United States during the early republic, this document is closely associated with John Jacob Astor.

Jones, Robert Francis, 1935- . 1'456753'09797dc2199-20823 CIP Printed in the United States of America Page v For Elizabeth and Caroline First of the new generation Godspeed Page vii Contents List of Illustrations ix Introduction xi Editorial Procedures and Guidelines xxix Book I: September 6, 1810-April 18, 1812 1 Book II: April 19, 1912-December 31, 1812 83 Book III: January 1, 1813-November 20, 1813 143 Appendix 225 Bibliography 239 Index 245 Page ix List of Illustrations Sketch of a model of the ship Tonquin.

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